Front-End Development in 2019

Every year brings new trends in front-end development and these trends really shape the landscape of work produced by the industry. Last year we saw a continued explosion of Vue.js, NPM JavaScript library downloads, a re-emergence of PWA’s and Serverless architecture continuing its relevance in the web world.

VueJS in 2018 Github

As we approach 2019, I look forward to seeing if we can get the upper-hand ahead of projects, getting familiar with technologies well before the client knows about them.

Typescript/Flow

Thoughtworks‘ technology radar vol.19 highlighted Typescript as something to ‘trial’ but I’d like to extend that on to Flow as well. As JavaScript applications grow both in size and complexity the need for more stable codebases becomes evermore important. This is where these two technologies come in. Although proven not to reduce bugs, we mustn’t forget, tools aren’t there just to reduce bugs in production. Many are often produced to make working with teams efficient, to make our code more readable and development tools more productive and consistent. Like it or loath it, JavaScript is a loosely typed language which, if you know how, can be harnessed into very powerful applications. Most of the time though, in this fast-paced world with code changing hands many times and ideas or intentions getting lost, unless we write documentation or comment our code applications can easily become unstable. I think the necessity to add static typing with technologies like Flow or Typescript will become evermore important next year so start learning!

Typescript or flow…

GraphQL/Apollo

I’m not going to claim to have used GraphQL extensively but I can already see its power and can see its relevance growing even further in 2019. GraphQL is a middleware between your application and your API’s. It allows you to query your API but specify exactly what data you need in JSON format. This is so powerful given the somewhat slow development of API’s and the format they output often not suiting how the front-end wants to consume them. When requirements change no work is needed on the backend, you just ask GraphQL to return you a different set of data. My advice is that you’ll be left behind if you haven’t picked up the basics of GraphQL. GraphQL will become the new norm. Apollo is a library simplifies and extends the power of GraphQL as a client. There are many others in many different languages but Apollo seems to be leading the charge in the JavaScript world. I think looking into some of these libraries will help enhance your GraphQL application.

Image result for graph ql logo
GraphQL will become the new-norm.

Ramda

Ramba is a very curious library. If you’ve used React, you may have come across the term Higher Order Component (HOC). These components allow you to wrap any other component in a common piece of functionality. The easiest example I can give is a call to a specific API. Ramba introduces the concept of a Higher Order Functions library which can do incredibly powerful things. They are much more lightweight than building a HOC as the overhead of a component is unnecessary. I think this library will become crucial in stripping back those essential kb’s and speeding up your app. I also think it’ll change the way you architect the application.

Communication/Remote

Although not strictly a tool, communication skills amongst development teams will be an important skill to harness in 2019. Efficiency, trust and transparency are three important aspects to great communication but there are many more resources to help learn what makes for great communication. With the inevitable advent of remote working becoming the new norm we need to be aware of how we communicate but also how we appear to others when 90% of what we say is over chat. NLP, self-awareness, how to listen and language are just some areas to consider when starting out to becoming a better communicator and ultimately a better remote worker. I strongly suggest the book ‘How to Win Friends and Influence People‘ by Dale Carnegie. It teaches you the subtlety of communication and how to harness it.

Image result for how to win friends and influence people

And with that slight tangent, I hope you found this useful. Let me know your thoughts. I’m on most things as @fakesamgregory. If you want to hear more from us, follow my company where we discuss development, design and business on Twitter @jupiter_giraffe and if you’re curious about how we cope with being a nomadic agency, check out tumblingoutwards.com where we will be launching in 2019.

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